Southeast Asia is renowned for its abundant agricultural products. Thailand, located in the center of ASEAN countries, is one of the best agricultural producers. It is traditionally an agricultural country that grows crops in conventional ways. Its agricultural produce is well known for being naturally delicious, nutritious and healthy, which is consistent with today's healthy diet trend. Food industry in Thailand now is gradually shifting towards food packaging and processing, increasingly expanding the market influence and added value of its agricultural produce. 80% raw materials of Thai food come from natural resources with the country, which offers Thai food a very competitive price. In addition, thanks to its trade relations with other countries since ancient times, its food culture is very inclusive and flexible. As a result, its food processing industry also inherits this international feature both in tastes and packages.
Thailand has 5000 years agricultural history, Thai jasmine rice is the long grain rice which is well known for its fragrance and taste all around the world.
The best quality Thai Jasmine Rice are grown mainly in the north eastern provinces such as Roi Et, Ubon Ratchathani, Burirum, Sisaket, Surin and Yasothon. Due to the most suitable environment factors, such as the ample amount sunlight throughout the year, amount of rainfall, the best taste of Thai Fragrance Rice can only be grown in these provinces. The additional processes in rice industry is very advance in Thailand. When rice arrives at the factory, the humidity is measured, as well as its roughness, milled rate and nutritional values. These factors will determine the price of the rice. The rice then will be going through cleaning and drying process, and store under suitable condition. The automatic processes which are widely used include selecting, peeling, milling, filtering, color choosing, polishing, removing debris, classifying and packaging. The polishing process is very advanced in Thailand and the controlling of the moisture, as well as humidity, are very strict in Thailand.
As one of the most important agricultural crops of Thailand, fruit is exported in considerable quantity to China, Japan, the US, European Union and other places every year. With the establishment of China-ASEAN Free Trade Area (CAFTA), Thailand took the lead among ASEAN countries in signing a bilateral free-trade agreement on vegetables and fruit with China. Its value of fruit export to China has also been on the rise. China is the largest Thai fruit importer, while Thailand is the most significant fruit exporter to China. The advantages of Thai fruit export to China are its wide variety and unique flavors, as well as the advanced logistic system in Thailand.
Thailand mainly produces over 50 kinds of fruits, 22 of which are allowed to enter China. They are tamarindus, tangerines, custard apples, oranges, pomelos, papayas, carambolas, guavas, rambutans, wax apples, jackfruits, Duku-Langsa, pineapples, ginseng fruits, bananas, passionflowers, coconuts, longans, durians, mangoes, lychees and mangosteens. The most popular ones among Chinese consumers are durians, longans, mangosteens, bananas, rambutans and lychees. In 2015, Thailand exported to China 298,793 tons of durians, 145,018 tons of longans, 97,185 tons of fresh and dried mangosteens, and 26,114 tons of fresh and dried bananas. These four types of fruits are the biggest Thai export to China in the past
three years. Besides, in 2015, Thailand exported to China such fruits as lychees, wax apples, fresh mangoes and dried mangoes, mangosteens and pineapples.